«Hazing» means any act or situation that recklessly or intentionally endangers the health or mental or physical safety of a student or that intentionally destroys or removes public or private property for the purpose of initiating or accepting or belonging to or as a condition of continued membership in an organization that is under the sanction of an organization or recognized as such by a higher education institution. The term includes, but is not limited to, any physical brutality, such as flogging, beatings, branding, forced calisthenics, exposure to the Elements, forced consumption of food, spirits, drugs or other substances, or any other forced physical activity that could harm the physical health and safety of the individual, and includes any activity that would expose the individual to extreme psychological distress. such as sleep deprivation, forced exclusion from social contact, forced behaviour that could lead to embarrassment, or any other forced activity that could affect the mental health or dignity of the person, or the intentional destruction or removal of public or private property. For the purposes of this definition, any activity described in this definition on which admission or retention in an organization is directly or indirectly dependent is considered a «forced» activity, regardless of a person`s willingness to participate in such an activity. In the meantime, those who have real knowledge of the turbidity practiced but have done nothing about it – such as the owners of the place where it took place, school authorities and other members of the organization – can be considered accomplices. Since the law was passed in 1995, deaths due to turbidity have not really stopped, as at least 15 people have died, while many have reported injuries caused by the rites. The purpose of the Report and Educate About Campus Hazing Act (REACH) is to amend the Higher Education Act of 1965 to require higher education institutions to disclose hazing incidents. [p. 744, H.R.
2525] School authorities, including faculty members, who accept hazing or have actual knowledge of it but have taken no steps to prevent it, will be punished as accomplices to the hazing committed by the perpetrators. Any person who provokes or participates in hazing commits a Class B offence. You also explained in his 2012 Rappler article what should be included in the anti-hazing law for it to be effective. These include changing the word «order» in the title to «prohibited,» defining hazing as illegal, and explicitly emphasizing that victims` consent will not be a defence and that waivers will be declared null and void. h.) The penalty for the penitentiary must be imposed for its maximum duration if the victim suffers physical injuries as a result of the harassment that do not prevent him from carrying out his normal activity, from working or from requiring medical care. (d)If turbidity is committed outside the school or institution; or c.) The penalty of temporal isolation at its maximum duration, if the victim has lost the use of speech or the ability to hear or feel as a result of the opacification, or has lost an eye, hand, foot, arm or leg, must have lost use if that member was engaged in the activity or work with which he was usually engaged: became unable to work. Win Gatchalian`s Senate Bill 199 and Bagong Henerasyon Party List Representative Bernadette Herrera-Dys House aim to ban all forms of turbidity and allow only initiation rites that do not cause physical or psychological harm. Gatchalian`s bill also proposes to impose harsher penalties and fines on non-residents and drunk members involved in hazing, additional fines if turbidity results in death, mutilation, rape and sodomy, and to require schools to conduct a hazing awareness campaign.  REACH is a clear, concise and evidence-based cross-partisan bill. This federal policy is important for creating a common and universal definition of hazing, creating transparency for consumers, helping educators track and intervene in harmful models, and educating students and campus stakeholders about being informed about hazing, how to report it, and having skills to prevent it. REACH will help enhance campus safety and promote educational environments where students can participate in clubs, organizations and teams without the mental, emotional and physical abuse of hazing. The more time passes before laws are enacted, the more likely it is that students will be hurt emotionally and physically and even killed by these senseless actions.
Specifically, the law requires each HEI to disclose hazing incidents reported to campus officials in its annual safety report. The Bill defines hazing as any intentional, conscious or reckless act committed by a student or former student of an IHE against another student (regardless of that student`s willingness to participate) that (1) involves initiation into, affiliation or continued membership in an organization, who is associated with the IHE (for example, a sports team); and (2) contributes to a significant risk of physical injury, psychological harm or humiliation, or causes physical injury, psychological harm or personal humiliation. StopHazing. (n.d.). Federal law to combat turbidity: the REACH law, StopHazing Consulting. stophazing.org/policy/reach The term organization includes any philippine armed club or force, the Philippine National Police, the Philippine Military Academy or the Citizen Military Training Cadet Corps or the Citizen Army Training Cadet Corps. physical, mental and psychological testing and training procedures and practices to identify and improve the physical, mental and psychological fitness of potential regular members of the Armed Forces of the Philippines and the Philippine National Police, as approved by the Minister of Defense and the National Police Commission, duly recommended by the Chief of Staff of the Armed Forces of the Philippines and the Director General of the Philippines The National Police Is not considered harassment within the meaning of this Act. The figures do not reflect those who may have suffered injuries but chose not to report to the authorities. In the 22 years of the law`s existence, there has been only one conviction.
(READ: What happens to hazing cases in the Philippines?) The presence of a person during turbidity constitutes prima facie evidence of his participation as principal, unless he has prevented the commission of the offences punishable herein. Bills amending the Anti-Hazing Act have been passed by the upper and lower houses. In 2016, Majority Leader Tito Sotto passed Senate Bill 223, which seeks to impose the maximum penalty for violations under the influence of alcohol and illegal drugs, as well as for the presence of a non-resident or member of the alumni fraternity during tribulation rites.  Most of the time, this practice is only brought to light when people are killed, as the law only actually takes action against those responsible when turbidity rites lead to injury or death. Members of organizations – whether fraternity, sorority or otherwise – who are directly involved in the infliction of harm are responsible for the fact that the person who suffered the harassment or any form of initiation rite «suffers or dies of physical harm,» according to the law. The law does not punish the very act of initiation rites. The owner of the place where turbidity is practised is liable as an accomplice if he has actual knowledge of the turbidity practised there, but has not taken any measures to prevent it. If the harassment is committed in the home of one of the officers by members of the Brotherhood, Sorority, Group or Organization, the parent is liable as a principal if he or she is actually aware of the turbidity practised there, but has not taken any measures to prevent it.