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Article 103 Basic legal and regulatory initiatives shall be taken to propose to the legislator or any other body having regulatory competence the creation, amendment or repeal of laws. It must be supported by a figure representing at least zero decimal twenty-five per cent (0.25%) of the persons registered on the electoral roll of the jurisdiction concerned. Article 113 The following persons may not stand for election: 1. Persons who, at the time of registration of their candidacy, have a contract with the State, as natural persons or representatives or mandataries of legal persons, if the contract for the execution of a public work, the provision of public services or the production of natural resources has been concluded. 2. They have been convicted of offences punishable by imprisonment or corruption, illicit enrichment or embezzlement. 3. Those who owe alimony. 4. Judges of the judiciary, the Tribunal for the settlement of electoral disputes and members of the Constitutional Court and the National Electoral Council, unless they have resigned six months before the date of the election. 5. Members of the External Action Service who hold posts abroad may only stand as candidates representing Ecuadorians abroad if they have resigned six months before the date of the election. 6.

Officials whose appointment and dismissal are discretionary and officials with a fixed-term employment contract, unless they resigned before the date of registration of their application. Other civil servants and teachers may apply for office and be granted leave without pay from the date of registration of their candidacy until the date after the election and if they are elected during their term of office. The exercise of their functions by elected members of parish councils shall not be incompatible with the exercise of their functions as civil servants or teachers. 7. Those who have exercised executive power in de facto governments. 8. Members of the armed forces and the national police on active duty. Article 93 The purpose of the non-compliance procedure is to ensure the application of the rules and regulations of the legal order and compliance with the decisions or reports of international human rights organizations when the regulation or decision whose enforcement is sought contains an obligation to make it clear, explicit and enforceable. The petition must be submitted to the Constitutional Court. Article 51 Prisoners have the following rights: 1. Not to be placed in solitary confinement as a disciplinary measure.

2. Communication and visits with relatives and legal practitioners. 3. Reporting to a judicial authority the treatment received during detention. 4. The human and material resources necessary to ensure their overall health in prisons. 5. Take care of their educational, work, productivity, cultural, nutritional and recreational needs. 6. Preferential and specialized treatment for pregnant and lactating women, adolescents, the elderly, the sick or the disabled. 7.

Use of protective measures for children, youth, persons with disabilities and the elderly in their care and need. Article 84 The National Assembly and all bodies with legal and regulatory powers are obliged to make formal and substantial adaptations to laws and regulations relating to the rights provided for in the Constitution and international treaties, as well as to those necessary to ensure the dignity of persons or communities, peoples and nations. Under no circumstances shall amendments to the Constitution, laws, other legal and regulatory frameworks, or government actions infringe on the rights recognized by the Constitution. Article 75 Everyone has the right to free access to justice and to effective, impartial and prompt protection of his rights and interests, subject to the principles of immediate and prompt enforcement; Under no circumstances can there be a lack of adequate defense. Failure to comply with court decisions is punishable. The purpose of habeas corpus procedures under article 89 is to restore the liberty of persons unlawfully, arbitrarily or illegitimately detained by order of a public authority or other persons, and to protect the life and physical safety of persons imprisoned. Article 76 In all proceedings establishing rights and obligations of any kind, the right to due process shall be guaranteed, including the following fundamental guarantees: 1. All administrative or judicial authorities shall be responsible for ensuring the application of the standards and rights of the parties. 2. Everyone shall be presumed innocent and shall be treated as such until proven guilty by a final judgment or judgment 3.

No one may be convicted or punished for an act or omission which, at the time it was committed, is not legally classified as a criminal, administrative or other criminal offence; a penalty that is not provided for by the Constitution or by law may also be applied. A person may be tried only by a judge or competent authority and in accordance with the procedures of the relevant procedure. (4) Evidence obtained or presented in violation of the Constitution or the law shall not be valid and shall not be considered evidence. 5. In the event of a conflict between two laws on the same subject matter which provide for different penalties for the same act, the lesser of the two penalties shall be imposed, even if it is adopted after the offence. If there are doubts about a penalty provision, it must be interpreted in favour of the offender according to the most favourable interpretation of its effectiveness. (6) The law shall strike an appropriate balance between violations of the law and criminal, administrative or other sanctions. 7.

The rights of defence of persons shall include the following guarantees: (a) No one shall be deprived of the rights of defence at any stage or at the level of the proceedings. (b) Have the time and resources to prepare his/her own defence. (c) To be heard at the right time and on equal terms. (d) The proceedings shall be public, with the exception provided for by law. The parties have access to all documents and all stages of the procedure. (e) No one may be questioned, even for investigative purposes, by the Public Prosecutor`s Office, a police authority or any other authority without the presence of a private lawyer or a court-appointed lawyer or outside the premises authorized for that purpose.