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Until then, forensic pathology was a concept associated only with the morgue, the place where city doctors performed autopsies on people who died on public roads. Meanwhile, the position of coroner was theoretically teaching in universities. [6] On the other hand, its vision is «to be, as an institution of the State, the main scientific and technical reference in medical, legal and medico-legal matters, with quality, effective, timely and impartial action. Structured, organized and highly valued by the community, which contributes to a better administration of justice. [7] Forensic activities in the country, dating back to the first half of the nineteenth century, when the School of Medicine was established, considered in their curriculum a theoretical course in forensic medicine, while from a practical point of view, doctors in the capital city were responsible for performing autopsies. at the morgue on Teatinos Street, next to the Santiago Public Prison. The current headquarters in Santiago, used since August 30, 1915, is located on Avenida La Paz No. 1012 and was inaugurated on October 1, 1926. The building was designed by architect Leonello Bottacci. [5] The impetus to found the SML came from the hand of Dr. Carlos Ybar de la Sierra, a doctor from the University of Chile, who installed in the country the vision of forensic medicine that had developed in Europe. [6] SEMEFO (Forensic Medical Service) is the legal support institution that, over time, has become not only an auxiliary pillar of the administration, administration and justice of the city, but also a fundamental component for the judicial resolution of cases of a mainly criminal, civil, labor and family nature.

Indeed, it supports the institution not only in the event of death, but also in cases with medico-legal effects on living persons. According to its website, the agency`s mission is to «provide the organs of the administration of justice and citizens in general, through the exercise of forensic expertise, with a highly qualified service in forensic and forensic matters, guaranteeing quality, reliability, timeliness, impartiality and dignified treatment of women and men.» Development also of scientific research, teaching and expansion in the fields of its competence. [7] The Legal Medical Service (better known by its acronym SML) is a Chilean public service under the Ministry of Justice and Human Rights that provides technical advice to courts and prosecutors by submitting thanatological, psychiatric, clinical, sexological and laboratory reports that can be converted into evidence that collaborates in the administration of justice. [4] Since the 13th century. In January 2020, the service will be headed by surgeon Gabriel Zamora Salinas. [3] From 1903, forensic medicine began to be analyzed from a more scientific point of view, one of the most important researchers was Dr. Gil Baledón. (Outstanding Doctor of Forensic Medicine). Thanks to the various adjustments made to the installation of staff between 1960 and 1990, including those resulting from the Law on the Foundations of Public Administration and the Administrative Statute currently in force, the current national structure has been realized, consisting of a central headquarters in the city of Santiago and thirty-seven regional and provincial institutions. As part of the cooperation programme between Chile and Mexico, it began on the 24th. The bilateral project «Forensic Expertise as a Law Enforcement Tool: A Space for Learning and Collaboration», led by the Legal Medical Service of Chile (SML) and the Forensic Medico-Legal Service (SEMEFO) under the Ministry of Health of the State of Guerrero.

in partnership with several academic institutions in both countries. This initiative is supported and financed by the AMEXCID Joint Cooperation Fund, managed by the development cooperation agencies of Chile, AGCID and Mexico. In the so-called Fung/Riffo case, the Legal Medical Service disposed of the defendants` blood samples before carrying out the toxicological tests required by the Ñuñoa Public Prosecutor`s Office. This evidence could have changed the formalization of the facts and the accused could have been tried under the «Emilia law». [12] Historical context • Classification of forensics • Location • Clues and evidence • Reactivation of fingerprints • Forensic traumatology • Forensic projects. CRIMINALISTICS AND CRIMINALISM The above-mentioned Organization Act on the Forensic Medical Service defines a structure consisting of a directorate, the Legal Department and the Institute of Forensic Medicine, which includes the thanatology, clinical, laboratory and administrative departments, taking into account in addition the forensic services of the provinces. The presentation of this project in virtual format was attended by the Governor of the State of Guerrero, Héctor Astudillo F., the directors of the above-mentioned collaborating agencies, María Soledad Lucero (AGCID) and Laura Elena Carrillo (AMEXCID), accompanied by their respective teams; Chilean Ambassador to Mexico, Domingo Arteaga; Directors and representatives of the executive and collaborating bodies of this project, including the Director of the Forensic Medical Service of Chile, Gabriel Zamora, the Minister of Health of Guerrero, Carlos de la Peña; SEMEFO State Director Ben Yehuda Martínez; the Rector of the Autonomous University of Guerrero, Javier Saldaña; and Conacyt`s deputy director, Carmen de la Peza. All of them, without exception, stressed the relevance and scope of this initiative, whose ultimate goal is to strengthen access to justice, dignity and peace.

Mexico had bodies responsible for settling disputes between its residents, over time these bodies became more sophisticated until they became known as courts. It was in the mid-nineteenth century that SEMEFO originated, when judges for certain cases could require the realization of certain studies that assign expert functions to doctors. On August 31, 1915, under the government of President Ramón Barros Luco, Decree No. 1851 was issued, which regulated the work and operation of the Santiago morgue, creating what would in future be called the «Legal Medical Institute.» [6] To date, there are thirty-seven regional institutions, 13 in regional capitals, 24 in localities around their respective capitals. One of the central objectives of this project, through the training provided by an interdisciplinary group of professionals, is to have State officials capable of dealing quickly and effectively with the situation in Mexico in terms of disappearances, in particular to remedy the delay that exists in terms of forensic identification of persons. This program of sharing knowledge, experience, discovery of evidence and other aspects should also serve as a foundation or complement other specialized programs taught at Guerrero. The organization is an international member of the Ibero-American Network of Institutions of Forensic Medicine and Forensics and participates in the Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction. [4] It was founded in 1915 under the government of President Ramón Barros Luco and was created by Law No.

196 of March 4. April 1960, which defines their functions, organization and responsibilities. Since 2005, it has been regulated by Law No. 20.065, which is based on a modernization policy aimed at continuously validating the effectiveness of the system and its processes. [4]​.