Now that you know what you need before digging a pond, we need to go over a few other considerations. This section covers some common questions to consider before digging a pond. Even if you choose the DIY route, you can`t just dig a hole for a pond. Half of the construction work is planning. So, the most important things you need to dig a pond are the necessary documents and permits. Many permits from many government agencies apply to the construction of a new pond or management activities on existing ponds. Each agency is responsible or can provide advice for different stages of the regulatory system for pond construction and maintenance. If you ignore the regulations or do not obtain the proper permits, you may be fined or imprisoned. At the very least, your pond activity will be delayed and you may need to restore the site to its original state. Before you start creating or managing, contact the agencies listed here to make sure you`re doing it correctly. Contact information for these organizations can be found on the government pages of your telephone directory.
In some cases, your county, municipal or municipal government may have an interest in building or maintaining your pond. Always check with all levels of local government for regulations, recommendations, codes or regulations at the county or municipal level. This is especially true for the construction of new ponds. Their purpose for building a pond largely affects its design, shape, location, depth, size, and required building materials. If you want to have a pond to naturalize your garden or diversify the animals and pollinators on your property, a wild pond would be preferable. If you want the pond to be a focal point that grabs the attention of customers or showcases the characteristics of fish and aquatic plants, an ornamental pond would be the obvious choice. Your local Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) office can confirm whether or not you need a permit to dig a pond. In most areas, you can dig a pond on your property as long as you have the necessary permits. In addition, you need to make sure that your garden can support a pond, including enough clay soil and a nearby watershed.
If the pond you`re building crosses the property line, or if you share the flow of water with your neighbor, talk to your lawyer. Otherwise, there is no need other than general courtesy. One important thing to keep in mind about water sources is that they may not be available year-round. Seasonal fluctuations in groundwater levels may require the use of pumps or other water sources. For this reason, some pond owners may choose to dig their own wells or keep a clean water tank waiting in case of shortages. It is highly recommended that you regularly check your water source for contaminants and pathogens. In the wrong place, a pond can become a container for dirty water, have plants struggle to survive in the shade, and remain cloudy due to an increasingly dirty substrate. Location is worth almost everything when it comes to ponds, just as it can affect plant health or the physical integrity of a home. The various permits, regulations and organizations you have to deal with can sometimes be overwhelming. For particularly large projects, you should hire an environmental engineer or pond and lake consultant to oversee your project. While this increases costs, it can also protect you from a regulatory error that could result in enforcement action. Ponds can remain the same in tropical areas throughout the year, with constantly active fish and aquatic plants continually multiplying.
In temperate zones with fluctuating seasonal conditions, especially during freezing winters, ponds should be developed taking into account cool temperatures. Since shallow water can freeze completely in winter, fish ponds must be deep enough to support life during the season. With large ponds, always leave room for flooding and a place to drain, no matter how many acres you have.