This article on fundamental homework will be useful for aspiring to the next UPSC Prelims exam. Download the Basic Law Notice PDF via the following link: The fundamental duties added to the Constitution in 1976 by the 42nd Amendment Act not only strengthen the creation and promotion of culture, but also the hands of the legislature in enforcing these obligations towards fundamental rights. Art. 22 Right to constitutional remediesArticle 32: – Right of appeal to the Supreme Court in case of violation This right allows citizens to appeal to the courts in case of denial of fundamental rights. 13 Right to liberty: Article 19: – It guarantees Indian citizens the following six fundamental freedoms:- Freedom of expression and opinion Freedom of assembly Freedom of form Associations and trade unions Freedom of movement within Indian territory. Freedom of residence and establishment Freedom of occupation, occupation, business, industry Fundamental obligations are an integral part of fundamental rights. The importance of these is given in the following table: From the point of view of the UPSC CSE, recent events of importance that focus on the violation or respect of fundamental rights are questioned in the context of the current events of the preliminary round or main investigation. Therefore, candidates should also be prepared accordingly. 24 BASIC DUTIES (Article 51A)Incorporated into the Constitution by the 42nd Amendment in 1976 on the recommendation of the Swaran Singh Committee. These obligations are set out in Part IV-A of the Constitution of India.
They are not legally enforceable. They are declared binding on all citizens by the Supreme Court. Initially ten in number, the base rates were increased to eleven by the 86th Amendment in 2002. Also, carefully review the UPSC program and research aspects of the questions based on the topic specified in the final exam. For more details, study materials or preparation tips, please contact BYJU`S. Aspirants who are eagerly awaiting the next public service exam will have to avoid waiting for the UPSC admission card and start their preparation now, as the program is full and there may not be much left for last-minute preparations. Basic Features – Indian Polity Notes:- Download PDF here 10 3. This article shall not prevent the State from making special provision for women and children. 4. The State may make special provision for the advancement of all socially and educationally backward classes of citizens or for scheduled castes and scheduled tribes.
5. The State may, by law, make special provisions for the promotion of socially and educationally backward classes insofar as such special provisions concern their admission to educational institutions, including private educational institutions. The basic duties are dealt with in Article 51A of Part IV A of the Constitution of India. The topic is important for the ICD exam because the questions come up in all three phases – preliminary, hands, and interview. Art. 8 Equality before the law and equal protection of the law (Article 14) It ensures that every citizen is equally protected by the laws of the country. The State will not distinguish any of the Indian citizens on the basis of gender, caste, creed, religion or even place of birth. «Equality before the law» implies that all are equal in the eyes of the law and that all will be tried under the same law and receive the same punishment for the same crime.
§ 9 Social equality and equal access to public spaces (1) The State may not discriminate against a citizen solely on the basis of religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth or any of these grounds. (2) No citizen shall be subjected to any disability, liability, limitation or condition solely on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth or for any of these reasons in relation to: (a) access to shops, public restaurants, hotels and places of public entertainment; or (b) the use of wells, reservoirs, swimming pools, roads and public stations maintained in whole or in part by State resources or dedicated to the community. The list of the 11 basic obligations of Article 51-A to be fulfilled by every Indian citizen is given in the table below: To complete your preparation for the upcoming exam, visit the following links: This article will mention in detail the 11 basic rights and what they mean in India. The subject is an essential part of UPSC`s political science, which is one of the majors in preliminary, GS-II Hands and also optional under the UPSC program. 3 Right to liberty (Articles 19-22)Fundamental rights Right to constitutional remedies (Articles 32-35) Cultural and educational rights (Articles 29-31) Right to freedom of religion (Articles 25-28) Right to exploitation (Articles 23-24) Right to liberty (Articles 19-22) Right to equality (Articles 14-18) 4 NATURE Enshrined in Part III of the Constitution and protected by the State Fundamental rights are the same for everyone. Rights are justiciable – Article 32 Fundamental rights are not absolute. They limit the authority of the central and state governments. They can be suspended in case of emergency.
Parliament can change fundamental rights. The 42nd Amendment of 1976 added 10 fundamental duties to the Indian Constitution. The 86th Act (Amendment) 2002 subsequently added the 11th core obligation to the list. The Swaran Singh Committee recommended basic tasks in 1976, the need for which was felt during the internal emergency of 1975-77. 23 Critical assessment of human rightsNo rights outside the Constitution Too many restrictions Pre-trial detention and fundamental rights can be suspended in emergencies Lack of economic rights Vague and complex language Parliament`s primacy over fundamental rights Special concessions granted to minorities and backward classes violate the principle of equality. Article 11 Equality in the civil serviceThere are equal opportunities for all citizens in employment or appointment to State office. These are some exceptions to the prohibition of discrimination in article 16. (I) The State may reserve certain dates for backward classes Functions in religious institutions may be reserved for followers of the religion in question. Positions in government departments may be reserved for designated castes and tribes. Finally, section 16 prohibits discrimination in public employment only on the grounds set out in the article itself.
Article 23: Prohibition of trafficking in human beings and forced labour Article 24: – Prohibition of the employment of children under 14 years of age. The basic duties mentioned in Part IV A of the Constitution have been criticized for the following reasons: Basic duties are an important topic for the preparatory work of the IAS, as last year`s questionnaires show.